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Tunisia
INTRODUCTION
1. Geography
2. Political situation
3. Economy
a. Figures
4. Health
5. Education
a. Universities
6. Demographics
7. Religions
a. Freedom
8. Peoples
9. Languages
10. History
11. Cities and Towns



























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Index / Health
Open map of TunisiaFlag of TunisiaTunisia /

Key figures
Life expectancy
75.6 years. Women 3.6 years longer than men.
MENA rank: 7 of 22.
Child mortality
Infants: 19.8 per 1000.
1 to 5 years: 2.4 per 1000.
MENA rank: 11 of 22.
Overweight
51%.
MENA rank: 8 of 21.
Malnutrition
<2.5%.
MENA rank: 1 of 22.
HIV/AIDS
35 per 100,000 inhabitants.
3,700 in total.
MENA rank: 4 of 14.
Expenses
$488 per inhabitant.
5.3% of GDP.
MENA rank: 11 of 21.
Hospital accreditations
None.
Doctors
1.3 per 1000 inhabitants.
MENA rank: 13 of 22.
Hospital beds
2.0 per 1000 inhabitants.
MENA rank: 9 of 22.
MENA rank
11
among 22 countries.

MENA = Middle East and North Africa.

Health


Short of only Libya, Tunisia has the best health situation in North Africa. Tunisia scores well for health conditions for individuals, but comes lower in terms of health infrastructure. Relatively healthy lifestyles are facilitated both by varied food and good general infrastructure.

Health care
Tunisia has a relatively well developed health care system, even if there has been a clear need for all the private clinics which have been established in the larger cities.
Since the early 1990's, doctor density has improved from 0.6 to 1.3 per 1000 inhabitants, and hospital beds has gone up from 1.2 to 2.0.

Health conditions and diseases
Tuberculosis is virtually exterminated by now, and there are effective child vaccination programs against tuberculosis, diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus, polio, and measles.
The government promotes family planning, and this has been so successful that fertility rates are now at European levels. As of 2000, 60% of married women use contraception. Infant mortality remains fairly high, but has gone down with a 1/5 between 2000 and 2006 (from 26 to 19.8 per 1000).
Figures of 2006 from WHO show that 94% have good access to clean water, 85% access to good sanitation, but in towns and cities access is close to 100%.




By Tore Kjeilen