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Abydos



Abydos
Introduction

1. The Grand Entry

2. A new type of temple

3. Great reliefs

4. Dark chambers

5. Osireion

6. Where Egypt began?

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ABYDOS
Osireion and other temples



Right behind the Temple of Seti 1, lies the Cenotaph of Seti 1, mainly called Osireion. It served as dummy tomb, aiming at creating a closer association between the Pharaoh's ka and Osiris, while the actual mummy was placed elsewhere.
The Oseirion is aligned to the axes of the Temple of Seti, and it would be Merneptah, Seti's grandson that carried out most of the decorations.
Presently, the Osireion is not possible to explore in full, due to flooding. Although its structure is crude and quite technically unimpressive compared with the Seti temple, being built from massive blocks, it is very attractive visually. The flood water adds to the positive impression.
The best part of the Osireion are in the final transverse hall, where you can admire the original roof with finely carved astronomical reliefs.
About 300 metres northwest from the temple of Seti 1, lies the much smaller Temple of Ramses 2. Its purpose is the same as for with the one for Seti, association of the Pharaoh's ka with Osiris. It was reported to be in good condition at the time of the arrival of Napoleon's archaeologists, late in the 18th century, but today most of it are in ruins.
Further north, at a site known as Kom el-Sultan, there is another temple, dedicated since the 12th Dynasty to Osiris. Prior to this, it was the temple of Khentiamentiu. Largely being a mud-brick structure, it is interesting for its old age, going back to the 1st Dynasty. A vase of the 1st Dynasty king, Aha, has been found here.



By Tore Kjeilen