In connection with the cult of Sobek, originating in Fayoum, mummification of crocodiles was an important part of the rituals.
The museum's layout is quite attractive, but things in here may appear inferior and less interesting to what you find in the National Museum in Cairo. But if you make an effort, the exhibits here cast a light on a part of Egyptian history which is fascinating by its own respect.
The museum reflects Alexandria's importance as the scene of the Serapis cult. This cult, a creation by Ptolemy 1, intended to merge Egyptian and Greek religion. Serapis was a god married to the Egyptian goddess Isis and with qualities from Zeus and Poseidon.
The Serapis collection is therefore the first you get to, with its impressive Apis bull (third photo) and two statues of Serapis himself. One in wood, the other in marble (second photo).
Quite easy to overlook, because of their visual modesty, are the three heads of Alexander the Great. But all in all, for many he may be the most interesting figure exhibited here, and it is rare to find near-contemporary imagery of his.
The crocodile mummy on the top photo, shows how the Ptolemies adopted the Fayoumi cult of Sobek.
There is room of great statues, showing Marcus Aurelius and Ptolemy 10 (fourth photo).
Other rooms, further on, shows well different aspects of life in the Greek and Roman era, including so-called tanagra figures, small amulets, oil lamps, jewellery and coins.
The museum is open all days from 9.00 until 17.00, closed Fridays between 11.30 and 13.30. Entrance is EŁ16, camera permit EŁ10, video permit EŁ150.
One of a few sarcophagi in near perfect condition.