GIZA
Khafre Pyramid

Khafre Pyramid, Giza, Egypt

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Giza
Introduction

1. Pyramids of Giza

2. Khufu (Cheops)

3. Inside

4. Solar boat and pits

5. Queen's pyramids

6. Khafre (Chephren)

7. Inside

8. Mortuary Complex

9. Menkaure (Mycerinus)

10. Inside

11. Views from the top

12. The Sphinx

13. Sphinx Temple

14. Mastabas

15. Seshemnufer 4

16. Neferbauptah

17. Iymery

18. Tomb of Khentkawes

19. The modern city

20. House boats

21. Roberts' Giza

Map

Practicalities





















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GIZA


Intro

The Pyramids

Map


Khufu

Solar boat

Queen's pyramids


Khafre

Inside the Khafre

Mortuary complex


Menkaure


The Sphinx


Mastabas

Tomb of Khentkawes

Modern city

House boats and the Nile

Roberts' Giza

Practicalties


Khafre Pyramid, Giza, Egypt

Khafre Pyramid, Giza, Egypt

Early explorers had to guess where the entrance may possibly have been. Many were quite wrong.


Khafre (or Khafre) was a pharaoh of the 4th Dynasty and ruled for 27 years, from 2558 until 2532 BCE. For more information check the the Encyclopaedia: Khafre.
Khafre was the son of Khufu, and of course he tried to outdo his father's funerary complex. And well, he did succeed. Not by erecting a bigger pyramid, his became 3 metres shorter and 15% smaller in volume. But he placed the pyramid on a mound 10 metres higher than the ground of Khufu. So that is the reason why his looks bigger.
Khafre's pyramid might appear to us as a perfect structure with the exception of the stolen casing. But there has been the discovery of some interesting errors from the construction. As the engineers started to climb toward the top, they discovered that the four corners would not meet at the apex. Hence the top twists just a little bit. Also the top casing was not perfectly fitted, and the transition between stones has deviations of a few millimetres. It is assumed that the stones were cut on the ground before being put into place.
But this does not change the fact that Khafre's pyramid challenges his father's as one of human history's greatest achievements. But it does illustrate what a great challenge the ancient Egyptians took upon themselves when building the pyramids.
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Khafre Pyramid, Giza, Egypt

Optical errors in my camera emphasizes what is lost to the human eye: The casing stones do not flush, but have deviations of a few millimetres.




By Tore Kjeilen