GIZA
Menkaure Pyramid

Menkaure Pyramid, Giza, Egypt

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Giza
Introduction

1. Pyramids of Giza

2. Khufu (Cheops)

3. Inside

4. Solar boat and pits

5. Queen's pyramids

6. Khafre (Chephren)

7. Inside

8. Mortuary Complex

9. Menkaure (Mycerinus)

10. Inside

11. Views from the top

12. The Sphinx

13. Sphinx Temple

14. Mastabas

15. Seshemnufer 4

16. Neferbauptah

17. Iymery

18. Tomb of Khentkawes

19. The modern city

20. House boats

21. Roberts' Giza

Map

Practicalities





















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GIZA


Intro

The Pyramids

Map


Khufu

Solar boat

Queen's pyramids


Khafre


Menkaure

Inside the Menkaure

Views from the top


The Sphinx


Mastabas

Tomb of Khentkawes

Modern city

House boats and the Nile

Roberts' Giza

Practicalties

Introduction to PYRAMIDS


Menkaure Pyramid, Giza, Egypt


Menkaure was a pharaoh of the 4th Dynasty and ruled for 30 years, from 2532 until 2503 BCE. For more information check the the Encyclopaedia: Menkaure.
Why did Menkaure build a pyramid so obviously smaller than his two predecessors? At least he could have placed it in a different place.
Menkaure ruled for a healthy 26 years, but one legend tells that an oracle had foretold him only 6 years on the throne. Which might explain the less ambitious plans of his.
In reality we rather should see his pyramid as a step towards the temple focus of later times. With Menkaure more emphasis was put on temples and their details and decorations, and less on the pyramid.
Yet, the pyramid of Menkaure is one of the finest built pyramids ever, and it is made from first class stone. Granite was extensively used, a stone that had to be transported far down the Nile. Other pyramids used local limestone of lesser quality.
The shaft down the northern side needs some explanation. It was Sultan Othman who in the late 12th century tried to demolish the pyramid. He gave up after 8 months.
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Menkaure Pyramid, Giza, Egypt



By Tore Kjeilen