GIZA
Mastabas

Mastaba at Giza, Egypt

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Giza



Giza
Introduction

1. Pyramids of Giza

2. Khufu (Cheops)

3. Inside

4. Solar boat and pits

5. Queen's pyramids

6. Khafre (Chephren)

7. Inside

8. Mortuary Complex

9. Menkaure (Mycerinus)

10. Inside

11. Views from the top

12. The Sphinx

13. Sphinx Temple

14. Mastabas

15. Seshemnufer 4

16. Neferbauptah

17. Iymery

18. Tomb of Khentkawes

19. The modern city

20. House boats

21. Roberts' Giza

Map

Practicalities





















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GIZA


Intro

The Pyramids

Map


Khufu

Solar boat

Queen's pyramids


Khafre


Menkaure


The Sphinx


Mastabas

Seshemnufer 4

Neferbauptah

Iymery

Tomb of Khentkawes

Modern city

House boats and the Nile

Roberts' Giza

Practicalties


Mastaba at Giza, Egypt

Wall decoration detail from the Mastaba of Iymery.


In the time of the pyramids mastabas were usually never used by kings, but was the finest form of grave that a notable or a prince could get. Before the pyramids, mastabas was also used by kings. As a matter of fact, the first pyramid, or rather step-pyramid, Zoser's pyramid, was first designed as a mastaba, but expanded from the original form.
In short, mastabas were rectangular buildings often without any exterior decorations. Inside there was everything from one to many rooms. They were covered with wall-decorations that the gods about the person or the people buried in the mastaba. The actual burial ground could often be underground.
Mastabas are interesting because their interiors have so much more decorations and colours than the austere pyramids. In this respect they resemble the tombs of Luxor.
Giza's mastaba are often neglected by visitors and travellers' guide books alike. Of course Giza is famous for its pyramids, but do notice that if the mastabas had been located elsewhere it would have been a popular tourist destination by itself.
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Mastaba at Giza, Egypt
Inside the Mastaba of Neferbauptah.




By Tore Kjeilen