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1. Temple of Mandulis

2. The other structures


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The other structures

Kalabsha, Egypt

Kalabsha, Egypt

Kalabsha, Egypt

Around the Temple of Mandulis, there are at least 4 other smaller temple structures, which seem small and curious to many who see them. Their purpose was of course as cult centres for smaller towns.
The structure hewn in the mountain side known as Beit al-Wali is a proof of fine craftsmanship and artistry. It is lain out as a cross. This temple is especially noted for its great reliefs, showing Ramses 2 and his victories over Nubians, Libyans and Syrians, as well as one where he receives the greatest gifts.
The Chapel of Dedwen is easy to pass, but should be noted for being a temple dedicated to a truly Nubian god. It is therefore one of the clearest examples of Egyptian styles used for a god of Nubian origian, who contrary to many other gods, never became part of Egyptian religion. Religious syncretism was common in Egyptian religion, but in this case the amalgamation never happened.
The Kiosk of Kertassi is a beautiful little thing, it was part of a a larger temple. It is noted for its Hathor-headed columns, where the goddess is presented more feline than bovine. The name "Kertassi" indicates its original location, in the Wadi Kertassi.
Between the Kiosk of Kertassi and the Chapel of Dedwen, there are the remains of the most brutally designed temple I have ever seen in Egypt. It is unnamed, I have not found it in any description nor map, and when visiting Kalabsha, nobody there knew anything. The decorations are of figures largely blown up, with bloated details bloated and the thickest and least elegant columns anywhere. I liked it! But I felt, and still feel, cheated for not finding its background history anywhere.
Kalabsha, Egypt

By Tore Kjeilen